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Image number: 2409054

White crowberry, Corema album. Hand showing white berries, on the sand dunes of Southwest Portugal. It's a white-berried perennial adapted to sandy soils in the Iberian Peninsula which has been consumed by humans for many centuries. It occurs naturally on sand dunes and cliffs of the Atlantic coast from Gibraltar to Finisterre, and in the Azores on volcanic lava and ash fields. C. album subsp. azoricum exists on six of the nine islands of the Azores, and below 200 m. Recently the range has extended to the dunes of Spanish Province of Alicante, and into France. The fruit has been consumer fresh for many centuries and they are sold fresh in a few public markets in Galicia. The fruit has been used in traditional medicine to reduce fevers and to kill intestinal worms Berries contain many anti-oxidants which have been reported as low amounts of anthocyanins, and high amounts of flavinol, and chloragenic acid derivatives, and phenolic acid. In a yeast Parkinson’s Disease model, C. album anti-oxidants may have protective effects, other than radical scavenging, and had a more powerful protective effect than Ginko biloba. South Portugal

© Paulo de Oliveira / Biosphoto

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Cette plante vivace à baies blanches adaptée aux sols sableux de la péninsule ibérique est consommée par l'homme depuis de nombreux siècles. Il se produit naturellement sur les dunes de sable et les falaises de la côte atlantique de Gibraltar à Finisterre, et aux Açores sur des champs de lave volcanique et de cendres. C. album subsp. azoricum existe sur six des neuf îles des Açores et à moins de 200 m. Récemment, la gamme s'est étendue aux dunes de la province espagnole d'Alicante et à la France. Le fruit est consommé frais depuis des siècles et il est vendu frais dans quelques marchés publics en Galice. Le fruit a été utilisé en médecine traditionnelle pour réduire les fièvres et tuer les vers intestinaux. Les baies contiennent de nombreux anti-oxydants qui ont été rapportés sous forme de faibles quantités d'anthocyanines et de fortes quantités de flavinol et de dérivés d'acide chloragénique et d'acide phénolique. Dans un modèle de maladie de Parkinson chez la levure, les anti-oxydants de C. album peuvent avoir des effets protecteurs autres que le piégeage radical, et ont un effet protecteur plus puissant que le Ginko biloba.

Keywords

Area / Naturalness / Natural area

Matter (substance) / Mineral matter / Sand

Europe / European Union / Portugal

Species / Species particularity / Halophile plant

Area / Strand / Seaside / Coastal dune

Eukaryota / Archaeplastida / Chlorobionta / Embryophyta / Tracheophyta / Spermatophyta / Phanerogamae / Angiospermae / Dicotyledoneae / Ericales / Ericaceae / Corema

Flora / Ericales order / Ericaceae family / White crowberry (Corema album)

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