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Image number: 2401753

Marine fish larvae eat microplastics. Small pieces of plastic, termed “micro plastic” in the oceans derive mainly from degradation of big plastics such as beach littering, but also from sources of direct emission from example beauty scrubbers and synthetic sand-blasting. These micro plastics are ingested by marine animals –mistaking them for plankton – or via prey. When ingested, the particles affect the animals due to their physical properties and their chemical properties (the plastic polymer itself and additives) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) gathered on their surface. The latter because micro plastics have a large hydrophobic surface, which accumulate POPs to a great extent, on micro plastics than in the surrounding water.

© Paulo de Oliveira / Biosphoto

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Les microplastiques sont principalement issus de la dégradation des gros déchets plastiques, mais aussi de sources d'émissions directes provenant par exemple de produits cosmétiques ou du sablage synthétique. Ces particules sont ingérées par les animaux marins qui les confondent avec des proies planctoniques. Une fois ingérées, elles affectent les animaux en raison de leurs propriétés physiques et chimiques (celles du polymère plastique lui-même et également de ses additifs) et des polluants organiques persistants (POP) qu'elles concentrent.


Species / Species particularity / Fishes particularity / Saltwater fish

Species / Species particularity / Aquatic species / Pelagos / Plankton

Environment / Pollution / Water pollution

Enumeration / Alone

Individual / Stage of development / Larva

Matter (substance) / Chemical

Shot / Profile shot

Individual / Stage of development / Young / Alevin

Shot / Microscopic shot / Optical microscopy

Individual / Nobody

Environment / Hazard / Anthropogenic hazard / Great Pacific garbage patch

Matter (substance) / Synthetic matter / Plastic / Microplastic

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